This chapter covers the Baroque period. To provide resources for an expanded curriculum and diversified pedagogy, the chapter includes bibliographies and a discography focusing on composers of the era and relevant scholarship in areas including music in women’s courts and convents, enslaved and Indigenous musicians, and colonialism. Lesson One begins with analytical notes on Miserere by Mexican composer, Manuel de Sumaya [Zumaya]. A prolific sacred composer who also wrote villancicos, Masses, and other genres, the lesson examines the ways in which Sumaya could be viewed as “progressive,” as he is celebrated for expanding the instrumental performance forces in the Mexico City Cathedral. The lesson highlights Sumaya’s connections to the church. Lesson Two addresses the network of women around Johann Sebastian Bach. It focuses on Christiane Mariane von Ziegler, an important poet and Leipzig salon hostess who supplied texts for some of Bach’s cantatas, Faustina Bordoni a celebrated opera singer who may have performed Bach’s works in Hasse and Leipzig, and his second wife, Anna Magdalena. While acknowledging the difficulty in determining precise information because of archival absence, the lesson demonstrates that all composers work within networks of people and larger cultural contexts that affect their music.