ABSTRACT

This chapter discusses the most important basic methods to obtain judgements; these methods are also called ‘elicitation procedures’. It also discusses scaling responses to pairs of stimuli instead of single stimuli. The chapter also discusses the method of paired comparisons: stimuli are rated in all possible pairs. It devotes to transcription as a measurement procedure: speech sounds are classified by transcribing them in the form of written symbols. The chapter also discusses the characteristics of each of these scaling methods, the corresponding method of data processing, the advantages and disadvantages and some recommendations and describes equal-appearing interval scaling, visual analog scale and direct magnitude estimation. Measuring on the basis of phonetic symbols assigned to speech utterances is a common practice, for which a mixture of nominal and ordinal scales is used. Speech sounds and the associated phonetic symbols constitute a nominal variable.