Carnival is identified with varieties of sexual licentiousness. In every carnival there are flashes of unsettling sexual comedy. Four years earlier, in 1978, a murga called Los Volaos offered an inspired dramatic presentation for a sexual misalliance best known to isolated young shepherds. Carnival songs can be read to reveal sexual crosscurrents in Andalusian society. There is, however, one serious caveat: it is critical to realize that carnival songs are composed and sung almost exclusively by men – and these are rambunctious men of workplace, the street, and the tavern. Many serious songs concern matters that gnaw at the heart of every man: work, unemployment, emigration. A still larger number of songs aim at sexual targets from man’s point of view. Most commonly, the songs with sexual themes reveal how foolish and foolhardy people are from noviazgo to old age. Songs selected over a wide span of years from Benalup show that ridicule is the common currency of the songwriters.