This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book sets out to consider whether there is another way to conceptualise circumcision that thinks violence differently, not only through a Manichaean lens whereby violence is in opposition to morality, but rather violence as a generative and productive force. It analyses three elements or frameworks: theorisation of violence, secular approaches to circumcision, and Jewish ritual circumcision. The book interrogates a relationship between violence, morality, and circumcision by way of problematising divisions and the notion of externality, challenging the idea that there is only one right way to think of circumcision. It shows that familiar conceptions of violence – generally perceived in terms of an imposition or act of force imposed upon the self by an external other – typically display characteristics of causality, externality, and opposition.