ABSTRACT

When an explosion destroyed part of the BP refinery in Texas City, Texas, the first reaction was to consider the situation an accident caused by employee mistakes. However, a closer examination of the case found that management was the root cause of the problem. Management had cultivated a weak safety culture by refusing to spend money for safety upgrades and by actively encouraging employees to ignore safety protocols. The lack of concern for safety was driven by a desire to raise profits and boost stock prices.