The quality of water bodies receiving industrial discharges in Surat is poor. This raises a question regarding the effective performance of the infrastructure created to treat industrial effluents. In this chapter, we have focused on analysing the performance of the environmental infrastructure set up in Surat to treat industrial water pollution. The purpose is to explore whether there is a relation between the performance of this infrastructure and the poor quality of the receiving water bodies, i.e. the creeks. The data used is the unpublished GPCB data. It is observed that the average concentration of pollutants in the treated effluents is not able to meet the prescribed standards. The pollution reduction efficiencies of the CETPs are inadequate. However, in 2017, the performance of the CETPs had improved and they were able to meet the standards, especially the CETPs in GIDC Sachin. Further investigation revealed that this was due to the National Green Tribunal’s (NGT) monitoring of the industries and the CETPs in GIDC Sachin, which had a ripple effect on the improved performance of the other CETPs in Surat. But, in general, for the study period, the poor quality of the creeks receiving industrial discharges is a reflection of the poor performance of pollution control facilities set up to treat industrial effluents.