ABSTRACT

This is the concluding chapter of this book. The earlier chapters highlighted the need and importance of industrial development, quite categorically arguing for the sustenance of such developmental efforts in light of complete degradation of the water bodies receiving industrial discharges. The principles of sustainable development inherently assume that economic growth would give due importance to environment and that effective governance would bridge the gap that arises between these. The book argues in favour of sustainable development and sustainable development goals (SDGs). The performance of India on the Global SDG Index and that of Gujarat on the National SDGs Index is analysed and is found to be unsatisfactory. The chapter concludes that a mere promulgation of environmental laws will not help; what we need is the effective law enforcement and monitoring mechanisms. In a similar way, the mere creation of infrastructure to treat industrial effluents will not result in an improved quality of the receiving water bodies; until and unless the design of the treatment plants corresponds to the nature of effluents to be treated and the plants are operated efficiently to meet with the prescribed standards. The existing approaches to manage pollution are age-old and have not been able to achieve desired results and, therefore, need to be strengthened with new ideas along with capacity building of the regulator. SDGs are not a myth but India’s quest to achieve them would need serious and sustained efforts, especially with respect to those focusing on water pollution.