Photography documents environment and, since its inception, has been used to chart sites and note changes consequent upon human access and habitation. This chapter is concerned with the complex inter-relation of image and memory. It draws together and reflects upon bodies of work that take very different approaches both in relation to land and in modes of picturing. The chapter encompasses site and space, the topographic, journeys, history and memory. It considers image and memory, with a twin focus, on the one hand, on processes of looking and interpretation and, on the other hand, on ways in which artists actively utilise their understanding of spectator identification in the construction of imagery. The chapter moves from critical evaluation of practices whose touchstone is environmental observation through to more overtly personal responses to land and the comprehension of ways in which aesthetic conventions can be used in the articulation of such responses.