This study has predicted the contours of the future Chinese SSBN force. Although its land-based missile forces are very potent, and its sea-based leg poses a more survivable threat, China continues to develop its BMD and anti-satellite capabilities to avoid or even inflict technological surprise. The chain of developments from longer-range missiles, to stealthier SSBNs, to strategic ASW, to anti-missile defences, and other disruptive technologies are inter-related. In China’s race to catch up with the US, the gap between China and India may increase, while as a result of Chinese assistance, the strategic gap between Pakistan and India may reduce. Although NFU adds a degree of moderation to Sino-India nuclear dynamics, China’s culture of authoritarianism, asymmetric warfare, propensity for use of force, and unexpected strike need to be remembered. The technological capability for SSBN design and construction cannot be developed overnight. Therefore, China’s efforts to enhance its SSBN, SLBM, and associated undersea capabilities should be mirrored in the Indian context as well. China’s deterrent is influenced by its strategic traditions of minimalism, ambiguity, flexibility, and patience. India would be wise to continue on similar lines of quiet, steady, and intense capability enhancement to face the inevitable uncertainties of the future.