This chapter explores the research objectives and the theoretical tools applied in the achievement of those objectives. The attitudes of Turkish and German actors relevant to work and family life reconciliation (WFLR) policy process towards Europeanising the Turkish and German models, as well as their contributions to the process, have had a significant impact on the potential policy change, whereas the daily WFLR habits of Turkish and German citizens who have both work and family life to be reconciled have influenced the implementation of the corresponding policies. The fact that Germany is a member state provides her the opportunity to influence the content of the European Union (EU) WFLR policies. The highly familialised WFLR models of both countries have led them to exhibit a high level of misfit with the EU. All in all, while the nongovernmental catalysts in both countries have engaged in a number of grassroots activities; the governmental catalysts have engaged in more political-level activities.