ABSTRACT

The beginning of the twentieth century marks a turning-point in the discussion people are following, and that for several reasons. In the first place, the results of historical criticism as applied to the New Testament equally with the Old had become common knowledge for the educated person, especially in Germany. In the second place, the horizon of such a person was now wider than ever before: his security even was threatened by a China in revolt and a modernized Japan. The study of history does not terminate in frustration, though at a certain point it threatens to do so. What is needed is that people should carry our inquiry through to the end. The march of historical relativism may not be arrested at this point. Not that absolute values are surrendered. Troeltsch agrees with Eucken that they reveal themselves within history without being fully embodied therein.