Turkey has turned West radically, and has severed all bonds which connected her with her past. Turkey came into closer contact with Western Protestant Christianity when, in 1820, American missionaries landed on her shores. In old Turkey, under the so-called millet-system. In the new Turkey the number of Christians has been greatly reduced. Turkey is today more solidly Muslim than ever before because a non-muslim is not considered to be a Turk. She has solved her religious problem by eliminating the minorities. In the thought of New Turkey, religion would introduce a foreign, transcendental element, which cannot be correctly measured, and its latent potentialities cannot be safely gauged. The result is that Turkey is still a closed country and that there exist fewer possibilities for Christian work today under the modern Westernized government than under the ‘terrible' Sultan ‘Abd al Hamid.