Policy instruments are the means governments use to achieve their ends. Here we describe seven types of policy instrument:
advocacy—arguing a case
networks—working together to solve problems in the community
money—using spending and taxing powers
government action—delivering services
law—using legislative power
behavioural economics—using integrated psychological and economic principles regarding public behaviour
narrative—using storytelling to frame issues and solutions.Good policy advice relies on choosing the right mix of instruments for the problem at hand.