This chapter deals with the jurisdiction rules applicable under English law where the Brussels Regulation does not apply. The Brussels Regulation regime has been described as a “closed system”, that is, it is one within which the rules are the same for all members, and which is designed to avoid clashes of jurisdiction by laying down precise rules leading to rigidity and injustice. There is jurisdiction in respect of proceedings against an individual if he is duly served in England, however short the period for which he is England. The UK is party to a number of international conventions which provide for international jurisdiction in certain areas, quite apart from the Brussels Regulation. A (re)insurance contract placed with underwriters in the jurisdiction by an English broker will usually come within the ground of having been made within the jurisdiction. The process of weighing the connecting factors is very sensitive to the facts of different cases.