ABSTRACT

This chapter examines the history of Christian Lebanese parties up to the outbreak of the civil war in 1975. It shows that they stem from genuine social change that politicized hitherto subaltern parts of society. At the same time, Lebanon’s consensus system proved to be an obstacle, which on the one hand, never fully integrated these parties into this system. On the other hand, the utopian radicalism of these parties in forming society was ignited by precisely this system, which is based on an elite consensus, violating basic normativities of modernity.