This chapter explores the struggle for self-determination advanced by indigenous movements in Peru. Based on ethnography of indigenous organizations and communities and ethnography of the state, in-depth interviews with indigenous leaders and national public authorities, and analysis of laws, regulations, policies, and plans, it explores the meaning of the Baguazo and other social processes aimed at implementing indigenous self-determination vis-à-vis the nation-state. In so doing, it assesses the possibilities and challenges of everyday struggles for plurinationalism in Peru.