ABSTRACT

The cleric in question was Juan Negrete who, with graduate degrees from the Universities of Paris and of Mexico, was well-educated and extremely well-connected. As archdeacon, he ranked second only to the archbishop, who he clearly viewed as inadequate. Unruly clergy who used their position to gain sexual and other favours were an ongoing problem for church authorities everywhere. The cathedral chapter of this church of Mexico City received a cédula from the Prince our lord and Royal Council of the Indies, and it ordered that Don Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of this New Spain, give favour to the Archbishop of Mexico in things necessary for the correction of the archdeacon and other clerics. The bishop visited the whole grounds of the church and discovered in the Choir or the major chapel that there were windows looking in on the laity made against the constitutions of the synods.