ABSTRACT

The tradition concerning Noah and his sons throws a startling light on the history of Mediterranean civilisation. It is necessary to delete what the Hebrews added to the story out of hatred. Noah saved the human race from destruction. A Greek tradition attributed this benefaction to Prometheus. Deucalion, the Noah of Greek mythology, was the son of Prometheus. The Christian liturgy compares the ark of Noah with the Cross. Noah apparently was the first, like Dionysus, to plant a vineyard. Egypt and Phoenicia are Ham’s daughters. Herodotus, confirmed by many traditions and evidences, traced the origin of religion to Egypt and considered the Phoenicians to be responsible for spreading it. Israel rejected the supernatural revelation, for they did not want a God who spoke to the soul in secret, but a God who made his presence known to the nation as a whole and protected them in battle.