Throughout sessions, patients present with a range of speech and general vocalizations that can provide important diagnostic information for a psychological provider. In order to effectively hear the wide range of patient vocalizations, a provider must consider the use of appropriate microphones. Chapter 9 provides a discussion of microphone considerations related to the use of videoconferencing. Discussions highlight how microphones can be built into pre-existing systems, part of a plug-and-play USB video and microphone combination, or be separate components. The two most common types of microphones – dynamic and condenser – are introduced with discussions of both strengths and limitations. Desired features of a selected microphone for the videoconferencing services are then briefly detailed.