Chapter 4 explores values education for citizenship. Noting the important but dangerous and complex nature of values education, the chapter then explores the relationship between values and character education and points out that values education is properly the responsibility of the entire community. It does not focus on being polite. Rather, it represents a matter of integrity.

The chapter then presents National Council for the Social Studies’ Democratic Beliefs and Values as a means to communicating the expected ideals for society. It explains that values relate to the emotional development from one’s interactions with the environment.

A social psychological definition of the nature of human values follows with an explanation of the special role of social studies in values education. Freeman Butts’ “decalogue” of core values for democratic citizenship clarifies and defines this role.

The next section of the chapter considers goals for and approaches to values education that in public schools might properly use. Each approach is then considered in depth. The chapter concludes with a sample lesson plan.