An important topic in juvenile justice is the institutional/residential care and treatment of offending youths. This chapter examines the diversity of residential placements for delinquent youths. This diversity demands a large number of different types of rehabilitative programs and staff. The chapter examines state and private residential placements, ranging from training schools to wilderness experience programs. The discussion includes an examination of the effectiveness of institutional placements. The chapter also examines several problematic factors in residential placements, such as victimization and racial tension.