Even before the founding of the first juvenile court in Illinois in 1899, community interventions had been a central weapon of those seeking to fight delinquency. This chapter examines both traditional and nontraditional community interventions and focuses on some of the problems with these approaches to the delinquency problem. The chapter describes probation and aftercare for juveniles, highlights some of the current trends in community interventions, and looks at concerns facing community interventions. One of the key issues examined is the effectiveness issue: Do community interventions have any impact on recidivism? In other words, do community interventions help to reduce the number of offenses committed by the juveniles exposed to the programs, or are the programs ineffective in reducing delinquent activity?