The juvenile justice system does not deal exclusively with delinquent youths. This chapter focuses on youths as victims rather than offenders. The discussion begins with an examination of how to assess youthful victimization and the extent of the problem. The chapter presents evidence on victimization as depicted in both victimization survey data and data on child abuse and neglect. A major topic covered is victimization in schools, including school shootings and bullying. Explanations for and responses to youthful victimization are also included. Explanations for the different forms of victimization include a range of criminological theories. Responses to victimization range from fear of crime to avoidance behavior to carrying weapons to joining gangs. The chapter addresses the roles of the juvenile and criminal justice systems in dealing with youthful victims.