The juvenile court is at a turning point. It appears that the “get tough” movement is being joined with reforms that accept the psychological research on adolescent development and also attempt to reduce costs. This chapter examines several proposals about the future of juvenile court and attempts to assess these ideas. This chapter also looks at some broader issues affecting the treatment of juvenile offenders. Among these issues are the role of community and family in dealing with delinquency, the issues of life without parole and the death penalty for youths, and the issues of race (disproportionate minority confinement and contacts), disadvantage, and segregated neighborhoods.