This chapter examines the critical decision points in the juvenile court process: detention, intake, file, transfer (waiver), adjudication, and disposition. The chapter discusses the roles that the various court personnel play and should play in the court process. The material describes what happens when a juvenile suspect goes through the juvenile court process and compares the ideal with the reality. Finally, the chapter examines some of the controversial issues facing juvenile court today, such as the question of the impact of race on decision making and whether juveniles should have the right to a jury trial.