This chapter explores a range of hidden and little-known genocides in the modern history of the African Great Lakes region and the implications of incorporating them into the comparative understanding of genocide, both in a regional context and beyond it. Accompanying the mass slaughter of Tutsis and oppositionist Hutus by “Hutu Power” elements were massacres on a genocidal scale and of a genocidal character by the RPF, though the degree of central direction and explicit license from above remains uncertain in many instances. As for the broader context of genocide in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, it is impossible to do meaningful justice to the subject, given the dizzying array of actors and the still-cloudy nature of much of the mortality inflicted. The objectively catastrophic consequences of those 1994 decisions transformed the hegemonic discourse of violence and genocide in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region.