This introductory chapter contextualises the feminisation of international labour migration, particularly the rise of women migrating from the Global South as domestic workers, and the critical role of the Philippines and Sri Lanka as two key labour-sending states within this. It highlights the importance of investigating the deficient protection of women migrant domestic workers’ legal and working rights by outlining their particular disadvantage and vulnerability to exploitation and abuse at the household, national, and transnational levels The chapter concludes with a brief overview of the theoretical matrix and methodology used throughout the book, and a summary of the chapters that follow.