This chapter moves from the domestic legal regimes in the Philippines and Sri Lanka to an examination of the international legal framework for the protection of the rights of migrant domestic workers: the International Labour Organization’s Convention No. 189 Concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers (C189), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICMW). It considers the extent to which the conventions incorporate an intersectional perspective as part of their provisions governing women migrant domestic workers. The chapter then assesses the impediments surrounding ratification and implementation of international human rights treaties and addresses whether this rights-based framework can protect domestic workers against exploitation given the structural inequalities in the global labour market and competition between labour-sending states.