This chapter further analyses the factors underlying the Philippine and Sri Lankan governments’ often-contrasting actions, as well as inaction, pertaining to the protection of the rights of migrant domestic workers. The first section examines three interconnected reasons for the Philippine governments’ seemingly tougher and more effective legislative defence of women migrant domestic workers, in contrast to the Sri Lankan government’s more passive stance: the influential role of civil society organisations and their transnational advocacy, prevailing gender norms and household relations, and the position of each state and their migrant domestic workers in the international labour market. It then reflects on the impact of informal interstate regional consultative mechanisms and the role of civil society within such processes, specifically the Colombo Process and Abu Dhabi Dialogue, which represent a constructive supplement to current migration governance through legally binding treaty commitments and bilateral labour agreements.