ABSTRACT

This final chapter pulls together the evidence and analysis presented throughout the book to argue that the legal frameworks governing migrant domestic workers in the Philippines and Sri Lanka fall short of international standards at each stage of the migration cycle in favour of a market-oriented neoliberal approach to migration. Both governments prefer to submit protection standards to market mechanisms, at the expense of the welfare and rights of women domestic workers. This creates an enabling environment for exploitation by recruiters and employers, resulting in state-sanctioned structural violence. It concludes by suggesting measures that can be employed to pressure the two states into shifting their current policy priorities to take on a more active role in protecting and defending the rights of migrant domestic workers, given their over-reliance on a remittance economy and structurally weak position in the global economy. In particular, it emphasises that migrant worker advocacy groups have a crucial part to play by holding states accountable to their international law commitments, and by mobilising through regional consultative processes to demand a wholesale rejection of neoliberal globalisation.