Genre is defined as a style or category of writing with specific features and purposes that distinguish it from other kinds of writing. The two main genre categories are fiction (e.g., novels, poetry, and plays) and non-fiction (e.g., biography, history, and philosophy, etc.).

The contemporary concept of genre focuses on classifying texts by their purpose—the functions that they perform for their readers. This chapter covers the genre expectations of function, form, and style in specific workplace documents: proposals, job applications, reports, letters, style and instruction manuals, media releases, and speeches.