Chapter 1 introduces the primary premises and arguments of the book. It makes a case for localization and for federal and state level initiatives to enable localization. It introduces the action framework for adaptation, which starts with “equilibrium in localization” and “enabling relocation” as two overarching objectives. This framework provides an agenda with three columns: sustenance systems (energy, water, food, waste, and production of essential goods), social organization and governance (with the principle of subsidiarity, and the prerequisites of sharing, giving, and enjoyment), and design principles (nesting, transect, succession, gathering, secure place, and climate-conscious design). This framework forms the book’s structure.