ABSTRACT

This chapter summarises the dynamics of migration in the Sothern African region by revisiting the key strands of the discourse presented in this book. These key strands are extracted from the major objective of the book whose focus is to assess the level of inclusivity in cities of Southern Africa, with a focus on migrants. It can be established from the narrative that immigrants in the region include people from diverse racial and economic backgrounds. While highly skilled people who get opportunities are easily assimilated in host countries, there are a lot of undocumented migrants whose existence in host countries is a burden. Their search for survival exposes them to many predicaments which makes them vulnerable. The competition for opportunities with host citizens, coupled with host countries’ mandates to serve the needs of their citizens, further marginalises immigrants who are seen as outcasts bent on sucking host countries’ resources. It is from this perspective that Chapter 13 goes beyond being a summary of the key strands of the narratives of this book, but also provides detailed recommendations meant to guide the assimilation and integration of immigrants into host countries. These are seen as best practices, yet implementing them depends on the context of the host country.