Since the 1980s, Botswana has had a robust economic growth, which has attracted both locals and immigrants from other nations. While it has been dubbed the ‘Gem of Africa’ and served as a shining beacon for Africans, it must not be construed that its cities are a ‘heaven’ for all migrants, particularly African migrants. Based on a qualitative study conducted in the City of Gaborone, this chapter profiles the experiences of migrants. Legislation, policies and institutions which deal with migrants are discussed. Informed by national laws, regional conventions and international laws, an appropriate institutional structure for migration exists in Botswana. Whether documented or undocumented, migrants in Gaborone face challenges in accessing basic services and economic opportunities and are targets of violence, exploitation and prejudice. However, undocumented migrants are more vulnerable because of their ‘illegal’ status.