The universities exemplify that the Scottish Enlightenment flourished through those reinvigorated, traditional institutions of Scottish society in which a concern for philosophic knowledge, was shown. One thinker, himself a Glasgow professor for some forty years of the Scottish Enlightenment, accounted for the part played by the Scottish universities in the Enlightenment. The character of the Scottish universities was essential to the part they played in the Scottish Enlightenment. The universities to which the Scottish pupils moved on were themselves undergoing several improvements in the seventeenth and early-eighteenth centuries, improvements that in themselves prepared the ground for the Enlightenment. Political Economy developed out of Moral Philosophy to become one of the new sciences to emerge from the Scottish Enlightenment. The establishment of medicine in Scotland as an academic discipline and the provision of various facilities permitted medical science to play a part in the intellectual achievements of the Enlightenment.