ABSTRACT

Agriculture was much promoted in Scotland by the various orders of monks. One description of the state of the land in the fifteenth century was given by Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, the envoy of the Pope who visited Scotland. Farming was extremely primitive in the Scotiand of the period, pardy because of the lack of knowledge of scientific methods and pardy because of the rugged nature of the land. Naturally, as the Highlands were a more primitive and less cultivated land than the rest of Scodand, they lived more from their flocks and herds than the people living in the more fertile Lowlands. Another curious custom was the division of land or rights, or duties in the land by the casting of lots. But in spite of their harsh lives, the Scottish seem to have been a people with plenty of resilience.