The traditionalists view the reevaluation of American history by postmodernist academics such as Macedo as little more than a process in which the truth gets replaced with lies. Certainly such a series of questions raised in such a passionate tone is partly the reason the religious and political right is so defensive about who is teaching these days and about who is asking questions. Teaching in this age of uncertainty is teaching to restore the joy that learning the truth in all its complexity can bring. It is an age of uncertainty because of the challenges to the "truths" that have reigned so long, and because more of the truth is being told. Teaching in this age of uncertainty is teaching in an age of transgression, of possibility. But then genuine teaching is always about questioning, challenging, transgressing, and new positions.