This chapter sets out the theoretical framework applied in this book. The post-2001 policies of the British government provide the backdrop for the theoretical framework that I propose here. Specifying a ‘decentred’ approach to policy making, as presented by Bevir and Rhodes, this book combines two theoretical approaches, the ‘hybrid’ model of policy implementation and the ‘representative theory’ by Saward to explain the three level analysis – national, local and individual. The ‘decentred’ approach to policy making encouraged students of public policy to explore ways in which the activities of particular individuals made and remade governmental institutions.