The Soviet Union is in a state of war. Every visitor scenting the atmosphere of Russia will be reminded of the years 1917 and 1918 in Germany. People are fighting and suffering and have faith in victory. The feeling of being in a beleaguered fortress and the resulting fighting spirit are emotions which are tirelessly nourished by the State, for in the Soviet system the production and exploitation of emotional tension are cleverly calculated means of statecraft. During the Revolution and the civil war a great many of the Russian intellectuals either lost their lives or emigrated. It is true that the rest were enlisted in the work of building up the Soviet State, but they were looked upon as no more than a necessary evil and with great mistrust. The Soviet student is a proletarian who differs hardly at all from all the rest of the proletariat.