The youth groups in Russia came into existence mostly under the external pressure of the sorry conditions in which the young proletarian lived. Russia was then in the first stage of industrial and capitalist development, and the Russian working class was undergoing what the English or German workers had passed through and overcome decades before. Young people particularly suffered under early capitalism in Russia too. The rapid growth of the movement in the summer of 1918 gave stimulus to the idea of its concentration in an All-Russian central organisation. The elaboration of programme and constitution was the most important achievement of the Third Congress. The fact that the Komsomol did little to improve the economic situation of juveniles shook its prestige. The internal organisation of the Association was no less important than exertions on account of the young workers’ material position.