ABSTRACT

Cabinet control over the legislative process is of three main types; it extends to matters of the substantive content of legislative projects exerted through its policy committees; to the actual form and wording of major bills through its legislation committee, and invariably to the timing of legislative projects through a small future legislation committee. At some stage in the preparatory process a draft of a bill will be submitted to the legislation committee of the cabinet. After the reorganization of the cabinet’s legislative structure in 1945, the legislation committee was set up as a technical committee, with a membership larger and more expert than that of the future legislation committee, and which reflected its task of advising on the form, wording and acceptability of a particular measure. The 1964 labour government’s thinking on legislation was quite obviously conditioned by the risk of trying to introduce highly controversial legislation with a bare working majority in the house of commons.