ABSTRACT

This chapter discusses the reprise of retrenchment will be followed by parental concerns over curricula changes with a closing segment on the state of black education. In a survey of eight states in 1938, the American Federation of Teachers reported further retrenchment, not restoration of school budgets, as local revenues declined. Retrenchment in Ohio’s schools in 1938 and 1939 confirmed a familiar scenario—but with an added fillip. If the lack of tax dollars proved the primary issue for the schools during the Depression, there arose from time to time concern by parents over what constituted proper schooling. Criticism of the current practices of the schools came as well from professional educators. A black teacher, Miss D.E. Watson, a substitute since 1920, spoke feelingly of her replacement and termed the school board’s action “a regular Negro purge.” Thereafter subsidizing private schools for Jews was to be abandoned in favor of compulsory albeit separate Jewish public schools—for a while.