Dr. Harmon added that higher education in the state was equally threatened by the collapse of the “boasted free school [which] is no more.” Westward in Texas, school officials watched helplessly as tax revenues shriveled sharply. In North Carolina, the scenario was slightly different as the state assumed the funding of the pubic schools after the passage of a 3 percent state sales tax. For the most part, rural schools though celebrated in folklore were in terms of physical plant vestigial hangovers from the nineteenth century. In 1933 the NEA established a Joint Commission on the Emergency in Education, which, typically, issued reports and denounced school cuts. The reasons included inflation, a longer school year, lower drop-out rates, and improvements in educational services. The NEA sought to secure “the advice of consultants who can inform the Commission as to the facts about the crisis in education.”