This chapter discusses the three matters under review are the reorganization of schools in New York City, student academic standards and assessment, and the competencies of teachers including their mental health. Five years later in March 1934, Dr. Altman charged that the incidence of mental disorder among teachers was about the same, of about 3 percent, as the general population. In a survey of New York City schools in 1937, Nehemiah Wallenstein of Teachers College disclosed that 17 percent of the school population came from broken homes as a result of divorce, separation, or death of parents. If the junior high reorganization seemed remote from the daily concerns of teachers and students, the question of teacher performance and school effectiveness was never far from public concern. The teachers’ group charged that the state commission “represents but one group in the community, the banker group.” Sometimes a teacher, defying prudence, protested too vehemently in public.