The Arabs have only come into prominence as an entity in the modern world in consequence of the war, but what is known as the Arab Movement had been in existence for many years before 1914. Anti-Turk in its origin, but developing national tendencies largely owing to the stimulus of Western ideas, this movement has come to be regarded as being in the nature of an Arab renaissance. The measures adopted by the Young Turks soon convinced the Arabs that a deliberate attempt was being made to suppress their culture and tradition and to substitute that which was purely Turkish. Arabia is a geographical expression and corresponds to no political entity. The immediate object of securing co-operation between the Arabs and the Allies, with a view to the eventual separation from the Ottoman Empire of territories inhabited in majority by Arabs, was, it is true, advanced.