This chapter builds on the content of the previous chapter by introducing microphones into the recording process and exploring the most common overdubbing method for solo vocals. A large-diaphragm cardioid condenser mic with valves/transformers in the signal path is recommended, factoring in questions of the price and manufacturer reputation. Suggestions are made for mounting the mic on a stand, cabling it to the recording system, and choosing its angle, distance, and orientation for practical and tonal reasons. Acoustics considerations such as reflections and resonances are then addressed, as well as various monitoring refinements such as acoustic monitoring, analogue zero-latency monitoring, vocal/backing processing, and comfort effects. Further recommendations for vocal-specific warm-ups, preparation/performance techniques, communication methods, and direction tactics are also provided.