ABSTRACT

The image of the village—state relationship, as encountered in some of the anthropological literature, was summed up in the term ‘the great Indian faction. Village level patron-client relationships were supposedly tied into a district level net of patron-client relationships in the dominant political party, which again was tied to a similar net of relationships at state and ultimately national levels. All Udaynalas village leaders in the 1960s, especially the young group’, placed themselves somewhere between the Communist party and the left wing of the Congress, with Ohabsaheb the most influential of the latter inclination. In 1978, the Left Front Government implemented a reformed Panchayat system. The lowest tier, which covered single villages, was abolished. A bichar is village society’s court. It consists of any number of male villagers that care to be present and pass judgement in any case of dispute brought to them.