The genealogical traces lead back to the intellectual changes associated with the United States becoming the global hegemon. The initially peripheral and post- colonial American discourse formulated bold claims to universality and considered itself the only legitimate heir of Enlightenment theorists, especially in terms of constitutionalism and democracy. The dissemination of American solutions was treated as the export of proven, modernizing technologies that can be coupled with local solutions, causing an obvious qualitative leap in the hybrid thus created. Centralization and the restriction of ‘decisional pluralism leading to impossibilism’ is called for. The role of courts, the administration and self-government is limited to ‘cooperation in the implementation of state policy’. The relation between illiberalism and capitalism is ambiguous—the prevailing view is that it must be nationalized and limited by the welfare state and institutions based on social solidarity.