This chapter deals with how some conspiracy theories are based on the mythic imagination, and thus on a form of unconscious metaphorical thinking that has deep historical-evolutionary roots. The classic example is Hitler's Aryan myth, which was a fabrication of a mythological story that he used to perpetrate his big lie of a superior race destined to dominate the entire world, for its own sake. False mythic histories allow the dictator or autocrat to ascribe validity to their big lies, by embedding them in pseudo-foundational stories that are constructed with an impenetrable narrative logic, because of underlying “central metaphors,” such as the notion of superiority and inferiority, which frame the mythology in highly effective cognitive ways.