The discussion regarding state intervention and the growing consensus that industry was the key to avoid the lurks of an uncertain international economy developed in a number of ways during the 1930s. The different positions that emerged after the military coup contributed to broaden the spectrum of the issue that Bunge and the Revista de Economía Argentina had installed. On the one hand, the nationalists, initially closely linked to the government, resounded strongly pointing their darts against imperialism, economic dependence and “individualistic liberalism.” On the other hand, the idea spread among the military that the State should play a leading role in the development of industry within the conceptions of “industrial mobilization.” Several political parties also participated in this dispute and adopted a more favorable view of the role of the State, industrialization, and rising nationalism. This stimulated a more complex approach to the issue; indeed, towards the end of the decade, more refined arguments and ideas began to appear regarding the analysis of its evolution and the need to promote its advancement. Experts, many of them engineers, questioned the lack of adequate industrial policies and highlighted the sector’s potential and possibilities.